Use of green bricks in construction planned
Brick kilns are in operation in Keraniganj, on the outskirts of capital Dhaka, violating environmental rules. This photo was taken on Monday shows that thick toxic fumes produced by those brick kilns continue to pollute air driving climate change and harm
The government plans to use environment-friendly bricks in construction instead of traditional bricks manufactured by burning the topsoil of the agricultural lands, in the next five years to curb air pollution.
"We've designed a work plan which will be implemented in phases by 2025," said Mallick Anwar Hossain, Additional Director General of the Department of the Environment, reports bdnews24.com.
The authorities aim for environment-friendly way. No fire or tree is needed for manufacturing the bricks. It is made with sand and a chemical using the compressor," said Hossain.
Some of the companies are manufacturing these bricks, he said.
The traditional brick manufacturing method that burns coal causes 'a lot of damage' to the environment, according to DoE officials. It damages agricultural lands, especially the topsoil, and brings health hazards to people.
The Brick Manufacturing and Brick Kiln Establishment (Control) (Amendment) Act -2019 was passed in parliament this year to promote the use of 'blocks' instead of traditional bricks.
The department will monitor the brickfields if they are following the order. It has already begun a drive to evict illegal brickfields in five districts. The drive will be extended to other divisions.
"A mobile court is being run regularly to control the pollution," said the DoE additional director general.
"We'll ensure that the brickfields stop exuding environmental damaging materials," said Environment Minister Md Shahab Uddin on Monday.
The country currently has 8,033 brickfields in 64 districts. Only 5,225 of them received environment certificates.
On the other hand, environment-friendly technology is used in 5,798 brickfields while environment-friendly chimneys are used in 72 per cent of the kilns.
The drive to evict illegal brickfields initially began in Dhaka and nearby districts which will be extended to other divisions.
On Tuesday, two High Court judges, Justice FRM Nazmul Ahsan and Justice KM Kamrul Kader, issued an order to close the illegal brickfields.
It ordered the government to launch a mobile court and shut down illicit brickfields in Dhaka, Narayanganj, Gazipur, Munshiganj, Manikganj in 15 days.
The mobile court has conducted 10 drives in a month since Oct 28 in Dhaka and its surroundings to curb air pollution. In Dhamrai, four brickfields were fined Tk 4.8 million. The contractor of metro rail and the elevated expressway was fined for pollution in the Farm Gate area.