Wednesday, December 11, 2019 | ePaper

Readers’ Forum

  • Print
Nutrition and National Development
There are couples of definitions of malnutrition. The most widely used applied definition of nutrition/malnutrition encompasses three major determinants of nutrition - food, care and health. Nutrition or malnutrition is the resultant of the interactions between/among the three major determinants of nutrition. If the resultant evokes some positive outcomes on the overall biochemical and anatomical, including physiological functions of the body, it can be denoted as acceptable nutritional outcomes; if the interactions do not bring any positive changes of any kind, or rather bring a negative change, it can be denoted as malnutrition.
Malnutrition is widespread among children of the developing countries including Bangladesh. Stunting (which measures long-term growth failure due to chronic malnutrition - both micronutrient and macronutrient) reflects the cumulative effects of chronically insufficient food intake, lack of caring practices and inadequate health services with or without recurrent infections. On the other hand, wasting (deficit in tissues and fat mass resulting in excessive thinness - an indicator of acute malnutrition) can develop very rapidly as a result of sudden reductions in food consumption, such as starvation or famine.
Review of literature reveals that the populations of the developing countries are the worst sufferers of malnutrition. Women and the minor children are the primary victims as depicted by low Body Mass Index (BMI equal or less than 18.5 is considered as chronic malnutrition) and high incidence of Low Birth Weight (LBW- Birth weight less than or equal to 2500 gm) respectively. In the developing countries, on an average, more than 60 percent of the women of child bearing age (WCBA) have been suffering from nutritional anemia, about 20 percent of them have some degree of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDDs), Vitamin 'A' deficiency disorders are still a major contributing factor for disease, illness and short stature. The prevalence of Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) is still the single most important factor contributing death (about 55 percent of child mortality in the developing countries are directly attributable to malnutrition) among under five children. So, it is our noble and holy responsibility to develop and implement a nutrition program for the entire country that addresses the malnutrition issues carefully and properly, and directly to contribute in the overall socio-economic development of the country.
The dimension of malnutrition varies across population geographically. The variation of the kinds and degrees of malnutrition not only involves a specific age-group of population, but may affect the entire population of a country.  While the problems of under nutrition are rampant in the developing countries, the problems of over nutrition (also known as malnutrition) are widely prevalent in the developed world.

Dr. A. M. M. AnisulAwwal, PhD
PID Feature
Dhaka

More News For this Category

Government must care to respect human rights of our people

EVERY four years, the United Nation's Human Rights Council reviews Bangladesh's human rights situation as part of its Universal Periodic Review (UPR). During the UPR process, member states of the

Questions raised by President are valid but his govt doesn't care

PRESIDENT Abdul Hamid on Monday said commercial courses were turning public universities into business organisations and also disrupting the educational atmosphere on the campus.  "Thousands of graduates are being produced

Flaws Within Education System Bangladesh Needs To Wake Up

Sir Frank Peters :If, as they say 'ignorance is bliss', Supreme Court justices Md. Imman Ali and Md. Sheikh Hassan Arif have profuse apologies to make to the entire nation,

Gulf Crisis Natural Gas To Frame Future Relations

Dr James M Dorsey :Natural gas could well emerge as the litmus test of how relations among the Gulf's energy-rich monarchies evolve if and when a Saudi-United Arab Emirates-led alliance

People paying high but getting low quality telecom service

A REPORT published recently by Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission said that quality of service of state-owned mobile phone operator Teletalk was the lowest in four divisions compared with that of

Save Buriganga to save Dhaka dwellers: Court can’t

THE High Court has directed the Department of Environment (DoE) and Dhaka WASA to take effective steps to stop polluting Buriganga River. On Sunday, the HC asked the DoE to

Citizenship Amendment Bill Why India Should Reject It

Aftab Alam :The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) led government at the centre is all set to introduce the controversial Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) in the Parliament on December 9. The

Modern Slavery Universal Basic Income May Set People Free

Neil Howard :Recent years have seen a huge increase in public, political and media attention focused on "modern slavery". Widely decried as a contemporary evil that affects all societies, "modern

Justice lost if revenge takes place against injustice

CHIEF Justice of India SA Bobde in the context of the extrajudicial murder of four alleged rapists on Saturday said that justice lost its very character when it took revenge.

Rape and killing have become easy: Reason best known to police

SEVERAL hundred students of Stamford University Bangladesh continued demonstrations for the second consecutive day on Saturday at Siddheshwari and Dhanmondi in Dhaka demanding justice for the alleged murder of their