Tuesday, September 17, 2019 | ePaper

Modi is not brave but callous and a threat to peace

  • Print

The instrument of accession with India was signed by the Maharaja of Kashmir on 26 October 1947, which was accepted by the British Governor General the next day.

While the Government of India accepted the accession, it added the proviso that it would be submitted to a "reference to the people" after the state is cleared of the invaders, since "only the people, not the Maharaja, could decide where Kashmiris wanted to live." It was a provisional accession.

India sought resolution of the issue at the UN Security Council, despite Sheikh Abdullah's opposition to it. Following the set-up of the United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan (UNCIP), the UN Security Council passed Resolution 47 on 21 April 1948. The measure called for an immediate cease-fire and called on the Government of Pakistan 'to secure the withdrawal from the State of Jammu and Kashmir of tribesmen and Pakistani nationals not normally resident therein who have entered the state for the purpose of fighting.' It also asked Government of India to reduce its forces to minimum strength, after which the circumstances for holding a plebiscite should be put into effect 'on the question of Accession of the State to India or Pakistan.'

However, it was not until 1 January 1949 that the ceasefire could be put into effect. However, both India and Pakistan failed to arrive at a truce agreement due to differences over interpretation of the procedure for and the extent of demilitarisation. One sticking point was whether the Azad Kashmiri army was to be disbanded during the truce stage or at the plebiscite stage.

So what Narendra Modi has effectively done now by repealing Article 35A and Article 370 is remove the provisos which India put into place itself in the Instrument of Accession of Kashmir. It also violates the UN Resolution which explicitly called for demilitarisation by both India and Pakistan and clearly asked for a vote by the Kashmiri people to determine their own future.

Instead India has laid the groundwork for settlement of any other Indian citizen of any other state in Kashmir, thus allowing Kashmir to be populated by people from other states-- another clear violation of the instrument of accession and the UN Resolution, since a plebiscite should be taken only with the original Kashmiri inhabitants.

Meanwhile two competing narratives have emerged amidst the communication blackout. The Modi government and large sections of the Indian media claim that Kashmir is calm and Kashmiris are thrilled at the changes. Meanwhile, reports in other sections of the Indian media and the foreign press paint a disturbing picture of a people besieged by heavily armed troopers.

Telling is the fact that after days of refuting reports of a large protest in the Soura area of Srinagar, the Modi government has admitted there was one. From August 9-13, Krishnan, who is Secretary of the All India Progressive Women's Association, and a member of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist), travelled to Srinagar, Sopore, Bandipora, Anantnag, Shopian and Pampore.  Describing the situation as grim, Krishnan said that it looked like occupied Iraq or occupied Palestine. According to her Kashmir was under military siege. There were paramilitary forces on every street, outside homes, outside localities.

The facts speak clearly that Prime Minister Modi, in order to prove that he is a strong leader for India, has behaved callously by violating India's international commitment to allow Kashmiris through a plebiscite to decide the dispute between the conflicting claims of Pakistan and India. More importantly, Mr  Modi flouted the need of the opinion of the people of Kashmir, exposing himself as a worst dictator in democratic India.

Although Mr Modi is a failed prime minister, still he is popular for his demagoguery and his support for Hindu nationalism. He needs to appear as a strong leader for the expansionist policy of Indian Hindu nationalism. In other words, he wants to win support of the Hindu extremists by offering them the insane hope that under his leadership the Indian subcontinent will be one and a united state under India's rule.

That only shows how dangerous and callous he could be for India's own peace and well-being. He must be restrained and Kashmiri people be allowed to decide their own fate. It is wrong to make Kashmir a disputed issue between India and Pakistan. The real question to be addressed by the United Nations is the right   of self-determination for the people of Jammu and Kashmir.

More News For this Category

Onion turns hottest

Onion turns hottest

Al Amin :The Trading Corporation of Bangladesh (TCB) started selling onions from Tuesday in an effort to offset the spiraling prices of the cooking ingredient in the market triggered by

UK parliament may be recalled if suspension ruled unlawful

LONDON (Reuters) :Boris Johnson could recall parliament if Britain's highest court rules he unlawfully suspended it, a government lawyer said on Tuesday, after judges heard the prime minister wanted a

3 more die of dengue 615 hospitalized

Syed Shemul Parvez :Though number of Dengue patients decreased last week but three more persons including two minor children, died of  mosquito-borne tropical viral disease, in three separate hospitals in

Submission of BB heist report deferred again

Court Correspondent :A Dhaka court on Tuesday fixed October 20 as the new date for submission of the probe report over the Bangladesh Bank (BB) reserve heist that took place

Earth to be warmer quickly

Earth to be warmer quickly

AFP :Greenhouse gases thrust into the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels are warming Earth's surface more quickly than previously understood, according to new climate models set to replace those used

EC employee among 3 held

Staff Reporter :An office Assistant of the Regional Election Office and two others have been detained in Chattogram on the charge of their connection with issuance of the National Identification

27 Ins cos asked to join share market

Special Correspondent  :Insurance Development and Regulatory Authority (IDRA) has asked the 27 non-listed insurance companies to get listed with the stock market by December this year.IDRA, the country's insurance regulator,

JU VC to face action if found guilty : Obaidul

Staff Reporter :The ruling party Awami League General Secretary Obaidul Quader has said action will be taken against Vice Chancellor of Jahangirnagar University (JU) Prof Farzana islam if the allegation

Trump doesn’t want war with Iran

CNN, Washington :President Donald Trump is stuck in a political box-largely of his own making-on Iran, a predicament that becomes more intractable with each alarming cycle of escalation.In the aftermath

Boris wanted to silence MPs: SC

Boris Johnson sought to suspend Parliament to avoid the risk of MPs "frustrating or damaging" his Brexit plans, the Supreme Court has heard.Lawyers for campaigners challenging the suspension said there