Smiling makes people happier
Using a statistical technique called meta-analysis, researchers combined data from 138 studies testing more than 11,000 participants from all around the world. According to the results published in the journal Psychological Bulletin, facial expressions have a small impact on feelings
Weekend Plus Desk :
miling really can make people feel happier, according to researchers who looked at nearly 50 years of data testing whether facial expressions can lead people to feel the related emotions.
â€œConventional wisdom tells us that we can feel a little happier if we simply smile. Or that we can get ourselves in a more serious mood if we scowl,â€ said Nicholas Coles, PhD student at University of Tennessee in the US.
â€œBut psychologists have actually disagreed about this idea for over 100 years,â€ Coles said in a statement.
These disagreements became more pronounced in 2016, when 17 teams of researchers failed to replicate a well-known experiment demonstrating that the physical act of smiling can make people feel happier.
â€œSome studies have not found evidence that facial expressions can influence emotional feelings,â€ Coles said.
â€œBut we canâ€™t focus on the results of any one study. Psychologists have been testing this idea since the early 1970s, so we wanted to look at all the evidence,â€ he said.
Using a statistical technique called meta-analysis; researchers combined data from 138 studies testing more than 11,000 participants from all around the world.
According to the results published in the journal Psychological Bulletin, facial expressions have a small impact on feelings.
For example, smiling makes people feel happier, scowling makes them feel angrier, and frowning makes them feel sadder.
â€œWe donâ€™t think that people can smile their way to happiness,â€ Coles said.
â€œBut these findings are exciting because they provide a clue about how the mind and the body interact to shape our conscious experience of emotion. We still have a lot to learn about these facial feedback effects, but this meta-analysis put us a little closer to understanding how emotions work,â€ he added.