Tuesday, May 21, 2019 | ePaper

How to tell if you have high blood pressure or low blood pressure

High blood pressure often has no symptoms. If left untreated, it can cause health conditions such as heart disease and stroke

  • Print


Weekend Plus Desk :
lood pressure (BP) is usually defined as the pressure used by the heart to pump the blood as it circulates in the body. Blood pressure is measured using the systolic (pressure in blood vessels when the heart beats) and diastolic (measured between heart rests) readings.
Known as the silent killer, blood pressure can lead to heart strokes and other health problems if not taken care. An optimal blood pressure reading should be 120/80 mmHg.
Dr Ajay Agarwal, director, department of internal medicine, Fortis Hospital, Noida tells the symptoms of high and low blood pressure and also suggests what patients should do in each case.
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure often has no symptoms. Over time, if left untreated, it can cause health conditions such as heart disease and stroke. Hypertensive urgency is a condition when the BP is more than 190/100 - this needs immediate attention and reduction by 25 per cent in the next six hours.
On the other hand, hypertensive emergency is a condition where BP is around 200/110 or more with end organ damage that is presenting as stroke, heart attack (MI), kidney failure - and in this scenario immediate admission and IV antihypertensives are used.
Risk of High Blood Pressure
*Age: It’s tends to rise with age.
*Race or ethnicity: Currently, estimates put the incidence of hypertension to 20 to 40 per cent in urban areas, and 12 to 17 per cent in rural areas of India.
*Weight: Prehypertension or high blood pressure are commonly found in people who are overweight and obese.
*Gender: High blood pressure is commonly found in men before the age of 55, and is commonly found in women after the age of 55.
*Family History: It’s raises the risk of developing the risk of prehypertension or high blood pressure.
It is extremely important is to get regular health check up done to avoid late detection of hypertension, as early detection and commencement of treatment prevents complications.
Prevention of High Blood Pressure
*Diet: A diet which is low in sodium, high in fruits and fiber should be taken. It is also important to limit the amount of salt you eat. Do not add salt to your food and avoid foods high in salt.
*Smoking and alcohol: Cigarette smoking is damaging to the heart and blood vessels. Alcohol can also raise blood pressure. It is also best to avoid or limit drinking.
*Exercise and meditation: Exercise and medication can help lower your blood pressure and reduce your weight. It will only help, however, if you exercise on a regular basis.
*Sleep: Eight hours of good sleep is a must for every adult.
Low Blood Pressure
When your blood pressure is low, you experience dizziness or lightheadedness, fainting (syncope), blurred vision, nausea, fatigue and lack of concentration. This condition mostly arises after episodes of volume losses that is acute diarrhea, vomiting, hormonal problems, allergic reactions or severe infections causing shock.
If low blood pressure continues for a long time, it can lead to serious problem like:
*Shock
*Stroke
*Heart Attack
*Kidney or even multi organ failure
Prevention of Low Blood Pressure
*Have fluids rich in electrolytes (ORS) at times of diarrhea, or to prevent heat stroke.
*Don’t drink alcohol
*Avoid weight lifting
*Don’t stand still in a place for long period of time
*Cross your legs while sitting
*Drink water
*Take some rest
*Eat something time to time.

More News For this Category

Some vacation ideas that even your kids will love

Some vacation ideas that even your kids will love

Weekend Plus Desk :Children are a tough crowd to please, especially when it comes to keeping tweens and teens entertained on vacation. Tour operators, hotels and cruises have responded

Monsoon munchies: Satiate snacks craving with these easy recipes

Monsoon munchies: Satiate snacks craving with these easy recipes

Weekend Plus Desk :onsoon is almost here and while sitting by the window and watching the rainfall, as the world goes by, sounds like a lovely idea, getting something

Teen girls more  vulnerable to bullying than boys

Teen girls more vulnerable to bullying than boys

Weekend Plus Desk :eenage girls are bullied more often than boys, and are more likely to consider or attempt suicide, a study has found. Researchers from Rutgers University in

POEM

The Holy Ramzan-Anis FatemaThe whole world is enlightened as the Heavenly 'Noor' is on earth,The noblest desires are blended with joyous Muslims' heart.Let us uphold the flag of whiteness as

POEM

Short StoryJourney for turtleArisha Naveennce upon a time, there was a girl named Lily.  At that time there were no iPhones, nothing to learn if animals were friendly or not,

Great Poet Omar Khayyam

Literature Desk :mar Khayyam, Arabic in full Ghiyath al-Din Abu al-Fat Umar ibn Ibrahim al-Nisaburi al-Khayyami was born on May 18, 1048, in Neyshabur (also spelled Nishapur), Khorasan in

Novelist Shawkat Osman

Novelist Shawkat Osman

Syed Azizul Huq :hawkat Osman (1917-1998), educationist, novelist, short story writer, was born on 2 January 1917 in the district of Hughli, Paschimbongo, India. His real name was Sheikh

POEM

POEM

A poem for 1st May-Sukanta BhattacharyaRed fire flames had spread from one skyline to another,What more can it be while living a dog’s life? How long will you be pleasedAt all

Poet Sukanta Bhattacharya

Anik Mahmud :oet Sukanta Bhattacharya (1926-1947), Marxist poet, was born on 15 August 1926 at his maternal uncle’s home in Kolkata. His paternal home was in Kotalipara in Faridpur.

Hard water can harm  baby’s  sensitive skin

Hard water can harm baby’s sensitive skin

Weekend Plus Desk :n the past few years, environmental factors have become very crucial when it comes to their impact on health, including air pollution or the kind of