Wednesday, July 17, 2019 | ePaper

Superbugs causing 80% of deaths at ICUs in BD

  • Print :
The 'deadly' antimicrobial resistant superbugs could be responsible for the 80 percent of the deaths in the intensive care units or ICU in Bangladeshi hospitals.
Out of approximately 900 patients admitted to the ICU in 2018, at least 400 died, reported The Telegraph citing Professor Sayedur Rahman, chairman of the department of pharmacology at the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medial University (BSMMU).
"And out of those deaths around 80 per cent were attributed to a bacterial or fungal infection that was resistant to antibiotics," Dr Rahman is quoted as saying in the report.
Bangladesh, India and Pakistan are seen as drivers of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) because of poor adherence to antibiotic treatment, the non-therapeutic use of antibiotics for growth promotion in farm animals, self-medication and illegal over-the-counter access to antibiotics, reported the British daily.
"Most patients [that die] come from public ICUs where there is strictly no AMR surveillance. And this is the generator of antibacterial resistance," said Dr Rahman.
"There should be more security... antibiotics should not be available over the counter and others should only be dispensed from hospitals," he added.
A 2015 study published in the European Journal of Scientific Research found   
 that over one-third of patients in Bangladesh surveyed were given antibiotics by people without authorisation to do so.
About 70 per cent of deaths across all ICUs in Bangladesh could be put down to superbugs, said Professor Ahmed Abu Saleh, the chairman of the department of microbiology and immunology at the BSMMU.
"Basically, there is no new antibiotic in the pipeline for future use. At the same time, the available antibiotic drugs are losing their effectiveness - which has made the scenario more dangerous," he added.
The global threat posed by superbugs is expected to skyrocket in the coming decades and unless effective measures are taken, 10 million people could die annually by 2050 from AMR, a report warned in 2016.
That figure is higher than the total number of people who died from cancer, diabetes and diarrhoea in 2018.
Antimicrobial resistance occurs naturally over time as microorganisms undergo genetic changes. As they evolve, antibiotics can become less effective at treating an infection.
In South Asia the prescription of incorrect or poor quality medicine by unqualified doctors looking to make a quick buck is seen as a driver of antimicrobial resistance. In many countries, stringent controls over the prescription of medicine to animals are not upheld.
Antibiotics intended for human use are also given to animals in a bid to make them put on weight more quickly and thus generate more profit.
A study in Chattogram, the second-largest city in Bangladesh, found that over half of poultry chickens were infected with multi-drug resistant bacteria.

More News For this Category

Flood-hit people of Islampur under Jamalpur district removing their cattles to safer places on Tuesday.

Flood-hit people of Islampur under Jamalpur district removing their cattles to safer places on Tuesday.


180 dead as monsoon rains wreak flood havoc across S Asia

AFP :Torrential monsoon rains swept away homes and triggered landslides across South Asia, affecting millions of people and claiming at least 180 lives, officials said Tuesday.The monsoon is crucial

Don't neglect fever as 'atypical' dengue baffles doctors :Thirteen-year-old Arju has been suffering from fever for five days. Suddenly he fell unconscious and then had a seizure. His parents have taken him to the Dhaka Medical

53,253 BD pilgrims leave for KSA, 5 died so far

Staff Reporter :A total of 53,253 pilgrims under government and private management from Bangladesh left Dhaka for Saudi Arabia to perform Hajj this year till Tuesday.For ferrying those pilgrims,

Green Line yet to comply with court order

Staff Reporter :Green Line Paribahan authorities did not yet comply with the High Court (HC) order that asked the company to pay Tk 5 lakh to Russel Sarker as

Depositions of witnesses continued on 14th day

Court Correspondent :Women and Children Repression Prevention Tribunal of Feni yesterday (Tuesday), on the 14th day, recorded the depositions of witnesses Maulana Nurul Afsar Faruqui, Secretary of Sonagazi Islamia

ICC team arrives to discuss Rohingya issue

UNB, Dhaka :A delegation of the International Criminal Court (ICC), led by its Deputy Prosecutor James Kirkpatrick Stewart, arrived here on Tuesday morning on a weeklong visit to Bangladesh

Former president Hussain Muhammad Ershad being laid to rest at Pallinibash in Rangpur with State honour on Tuesday.

Former president Hussain Muhammad Ershad being laid to rest at Pallinibash in Rangpur with State honour on Tuesday.


Militancy under control: CTTC Chief

Staff Reporter :The Counter Terrorism and Transnational Crime (CTTC) unit Chief  Monirul Islam assured of bringing  militancy and terrorism in the country under control.The law enforcing agencies have remained

Fresh allegations of 'war crimes' in Rakhine

Reuters, Mrauk-U, Myanmar :When 35-year-old Ah Hla showed up to a police station in western Myanmar in late April hoping to see her husband among the prisoners, she didn't