Tuesday, May 21, 2019 | ePaper

Superbugs causing 80% of deaths at ICUs in BD

  • Print
bdnews24.com :
The 'deadly' antimicrobial resistant superbugs could be responsible for the 80 percent of the deaths in the intensive care units or ICU in Bangladeshi hospitals.
Out of approximately 900 patients admitted to the ICU in 2018, at least 400 died, reported The Telegraph citing Professor Sayedur Rahman, chairman of the department of pharmacology at the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medial University (BSMMU).
"And out of those deaths around 80 per cent were attributed to a bacterial or fungal infection that was resistant to antibiotics," Dr Rahman is quoted as saying in the report.
Bangladesh, India and Pakistan are seen as drivers of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) because of poor adherence to antibiotic treatment, the non-therapeutic use of antibiotics for growth promotion in farm animals, self-medication and illegal over-the-counter access to antibiotics, reported the British daily.
"Most patients [that die] come from public ICUs where there is strictly no AMR surveillance. And this is the generator of antibacterial resistance," said Dr Rahman.
"There should be more security... antibiotics should not be available over the counter and others should only be dispensed from hospitals," he added.
A 2015 study published in the European Journal of Scientific Research found   
 that over one-third of patients in Bangladesh surveyed were given antibiotics by people without authorisation to do so.
About 70 per cent of deaths across all ICUs in Bangladesh could be put down to superbugs, said Professor Ahmed Abu Saleh, the chairman of the department of microbiology and immunology at the BSMMU.
"Basically, there is no new antibiotic in the pipeline for future use. At the same time, the available antibiotic drugs are losing their effectiveness - which has made the scenario more dangerous," he added.
The global threat posed by superbugs is expected to skyrocket in the coming decades and unless effective measures are taken, 10 million people could die annually by 2050 from AMR, a report warned in 2016.
That figure is higher than the total number of people who died from cancer, diabetes and diarrhoea in 2018.
Antimicrobial resistance occurs naturally over time as microorganisms undergo genetic changes. As they evolve, antibiotics can become less effective at treating an infection.
In South Asia the prescription of incorrect or poor quality medicine by unqualified doctors looking to make a quick buck is seen as a driver of antimicrobial resistance. In many countries, stringent controls over the prescription of medicine to animals are not upheld.
Antibiotics intended for human use are also given to animals in a bid to make them put on weight more quickly and thus generate more profit.
A study in Chattogram, the second-largest city in Bangladesh, found that over half of poultry chickens were infected with multi-drug resistant bacteria.

More News For this Category

Kashmir group seeks UN probe into torture by India troops

AP :A prominent rights group in occupied Kashmir is advocating for the United Nations to establish a commission of inquiry to investigate what it calls the endemic use of

7 more killed in road accidents

Staff Reporter  :At least seven persons were killed and 15 others seriously injured in separate road accidents across the country on Monday.In Dhaka, a motorcyclist named Shahidul Islam Sagor,

Cabinet reshuffle aimed at gearing up works: Quader

UNB, Dhaka :Road Transport and Bridges Minister Obaidul Quader on Monday said the reshuffle in the cabinet was done to speed up works and improve the quality of works

ADB to strengthen coop with BD for growth

UNB, Dhaka :The Asian Development Bank (ADB) on Monday expressed its willingness to strengthen cooperation further with Bangladesh to help the country take its growth and development to the

ACC operated within ‘comfort zone targeting small fry’ in 2018

UNB, Dhaka :The Anti-Corruption Commission, country's principal organ for fighting graft, was less actively engaged in fulfilling its stated function in 2018, as evidenced by a fall in the

4 held with stolen oil of railway

UNB, Natore :Members of Rapid Action Battalion arrested four people along with 2,100 liters stolen oil of Bangladesh Railway from Abdulpur Railway Junction area in Lalpur upazila early Monday.The

17 condemned convicts still at large

17 condemned convicts still at large

UNB, Feni :Law enforcement agencies are yet to arrest the 17 convicts sentenced to death by a lower court in March last year in Fulgazi upazila chairman Ekramul Haque

4 criminals killed in gunfights

UNB, Dhaka :Three suspected hijackers and a drug trader were killed in reported gunfights in Dhaka, Chattogram and Cumilla early Monday.In Dhaka,two suspected hijackers were killed in a reported

JS body for buying paddy directly from farmers

BSS, Dhaka :The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Food Ministry on Monday suggested procuring paddy directly from the farmers for the sake of them.The parliamentary watchdog came up with the

Two active members of Ansar Al Islam were arrested by RAB-11 on Monday from Fatulla area in Narayanganj with some Jihadi books, laptop and leaflets.

Two active members of Ansar Al Islam were arrested by RAB-11 on Monday from Fatulla area in Narayanganj with some Jihadi books, laptop and leaflets.

.