Wednesday, July 24, 2019 | ePaper

Poet Wolfgang von Goethe

  • Print


Literature Desk :
orn in Frankfurt, Germany, on August 28, 1749, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was tutored extensively in languages as a child. Goethe’s father, a lawyer, prioritized his son’s education, enabling him to engage in many literary and cultural pursuits. Goethe was fascinated by writers such as Homer and Ovid, and committed whole passages of these texts to heart.
Goethe’s love for poetry persisted through his legal training, and he anonymously released Annette, his first collection of poems, in 1770. By the time he completed his studies; he had composed a satirical crime comedy, fallen in love with folk poetry, and developed a deep affinity for Shakespeare, the figure responsible for what he termed his ‘personal awakening.’
Throughout the 1770s, Goethe practiced a unique, progressive version of law across Germany, while maintaining a side career as an editor, playwright, and poet. He wrote his first widely-read novel, the loosely-autobiographical, joyfully-romantic tragedy, The Sorrows of Young Werther, in 1774, at the age of 24. The book was an instant international success. Napolean Bonaparte called it one of the greatest works of European Literature. It sparked the phenomenon ‘Werther-Fieber’ (‘Werther Fever’), in which young men throughout Europe began dressing like the tragic protagonist, and brought Goethe to the court of Carl August, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, where he would become an important advisor. In later years, Goethe expressed his disgust with the novel and the romantic genre out of which it emerged; however, its effect on Goethes career and public image were undeniable.
Goethe met the poet and playwright Friedrich Schiller in 1794, beginning a collaborative relationship that would result in a creative success for both artists.
The two transformed the Weimar Theatre into a national treasure and their cumulative writings form the heart of German literature, having also been adapted by many composers such as Mozart and Beethoven. Goethe wrote extensively during this period, including his Roman Elegies, a seductive 24-poem cycle about his trip to Italy, but it was not until after Schiller’s death in 1805 that he produced his most famous work, Faust, about a duel with the devil in the search for transcendent knowledge.
The epic poem-as-play has been adapted into an opera and is still performed throughout the world.
Despite his success and influence as a poet, Goethe expressed that he took no pride in his literary accomplishments, and believed instead that his work as a philosopher and scientist-in particular his theories about color-would be his true legacy.
However, his writings-emotive, far-reaching, and formal-stimulated generations of Western literature and thought. Randall Jarrell, who translated Faust from his Poet Laureate’s office at the Library of Congress, called him his “own favorite daemon, dear good great Goethe.” Ralph Waldo Emerson, deeply influenced by Goethe’s merging of science and art, called Goethe the “surpassing intellect of modern times,” and said of his life:
Such was his capacity, that the magazines of the world’s ancient or modern wealth, which arts and intercourse and skepticism could command,-he wanted them all. Had there been twice so much, he could have used it as well.
Geologist, mechanic, merchant, chemist, king, radical, painter, composer,-all worked for him, and a thousand men seemed to look through his eyes. He learned as readily as other men breathe. Of all the men of this time, not one has seemed as much at home in it as he. He was not afraid to live.
Goethe breathed his last in Weimar on March 22, 1832. He was buried in the Ducal Vault at Weimar's Historical Cemetery.

More News For this Category

How climate change  affects  children’s health

How climate change affects children’s health

Md Altaf  Hussain :We know that climate change is making heat waves hotter and longer, and more heat means more kids aren’t able to go outside and play. This

Biryani Crispy Fried or Mutton Qorma

Biryani Crispy Fried or Mutton Qorma

Ingredients :180g - Fresh vegetarian biryani5g - Chopped ginger5g - Chopped mint10 ml - Lemon juice1 - Green chilliGulb jal (few drops)100g - Refined flour5g - Salt3g - Red

Calling all green thumbs

Calling all green thumbs

Weekend Plus Desk :If you love plants, but don’t really have the time to nurture and maintain them, give these indoor plants a chance. Many of them can survive

The woman

-Tahmina Begum  What instance is there on earth man                                      other than woman?Where can you live without woman?Say mother or sister or daughter                                           or spouse,How can you expect

Novelist William Faulkner

Novelist William Faulkner

Literature Desk :William Faulkner (25 September, 1897-6 July, 1962), who came from an old southern family, grew up in Oxford, Mississippi. He joined the Canadian, and later the British,

Playwright Anton Chekhov

Playwright Anton Chekhov

Wade Bradford :Born in 1860, Anton Chekhov grew up in the Russian town of Taganrog. He spent much of his childhood quietly sitting in his father’s fledgling grocery store. He

Journalist, writer Ahmed Humayun

Mohammad Kabirul Hasan :Ahmed Humayun, (1936-1999) was a writer and journalist who was born on 18th May in 1936 at Barahnagar of West Bengal, India. Initial stages of his

Novelist Humayun Ahmed

Novelist Humayun Ahmed

Literature DeskHumayun Ahmed (13 November 1948-19 July 2012) was an author, playwright, screenwriter and filmmaker. Dawn referred to him as the cultural legend of Bangladesh. Humayun Ahmed reached peak of

Simple exercises that will help relieve knee pain

Simple exercises that will help relieve knee pain

Weekend Plus Desk :Knee bone, which is the largest bone in the body, connects the shin-bone and the thigh-bone. It is also considered to be one of the most

The many benefits  of betel leaf

The many benefits of betel leaf

Ishi Khosla :my curiosity regarding the healing benefits of betel leaf (commonly called Paan Pata) arose when it miraculously subsided a deep painful injury almost overnight. The rapidity with