Tuesday, February 19, 2019 | ePaper

Hajj : Ifrad, Tamattu and Qiran

  • Print


Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid :
Hajj is of three types: Ifrad, Tamattu' and Qiran.
Ifrad is when one does Hajj on its own (without 'Umrah). Tamattu' means doing 'Umrah, then exiting the state of Ihram, then doing Hajj. Qiran means doing Hajj and 'Umrah together with one ihram (only entering ihram once for both), in which one Tawaf and one Sa'ee is sufficient for both Hajj and 'Umrah.
It was narrated from 'Urwah ibn al-Zubayr that 'A'ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: "We set out with the Messenger of Allah Saw (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) shortly before the appearance of the new moon of Dhu'l-Hijjah and he said, 'Whoever wants to assume Ihram for 'Umrah may do so, and whoever wants to assume Ihram for Hajj may do so. Had I not brought the hadiy (sacrifice) with me, I would have assumed Ihram for 'Umrah.' Some of the people assumed Ihram for 'Umrah and others for Hajj…"Narrated by al-Bukhari, 1694; Muslim, 1211)
Ifrad means doing Hajj on its own, with no 'Umrah beforehand. The one who is doing Ifrad does not have to offer a sacrifice, but it is mustahab (recommended).
In the case of Tamattu' and Qiran, the sacrifice is obligatory. This is the blood of thanksgiving, by which the pilgrim thanks his Lord for prescribing this ritual for him. In Tamattu' the pilgrim combines 'Umrah and Hajj, exiting the state of Ihram in between, when he can enjoy (yatamatta') wearing perfume and regular clothing, and having intercourse.
It was narrated from Salim ibn 'Abd-Allah that Ibn 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both) said: "During his last Pilgrimage, the Messenger of Allah Saw (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did 'Umrah and then Hajj. He drove a Hadiy (sacrificial animal) along with him from Dhu'l-Hulayfah. The Messenger of Allah Saw (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) started by assuming Ihram for 'Umrah, then for Hajj. And the people, too, assumed ihram for 'Umrah then for Hajj along with the Prophet Saw (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Some of them brought the Hadiy (sacrificial animals) and drove it along with them, whilst the others did not. So, when the Prophet Saw (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) reached Makkah, he said to the people, "Whoever among you has driven the Hadiy, should not finish his ihram till he completes his Hajj. And whoever among you has not (driven) the Hadiy with him, should perform Tawaf of the Ka'bah and the Tawaaf between Safa and Marwa, then cut short his hair and finish his Ihraam, then  he should assume Ihram for Hajj. If anyone cannot afford a Hadiy, he should fast for three days during the Hajj and seven days when he returns home." (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1606, Muslim, 1227)
The hadiy (sacrifice) is that which the pilgrim gives as a gift (yahdeehi) to the Ancient House. It is one of the 'al-an'am' animals, i.e., sheep, cattle or camels, which he brings with him before entering Ihraam. One of the differences between the one who does Tamattu' and the one who does Qiran is that the one who does Qiran does not exit Ihraam after finishing his 'Umrah; he remains in Ihram until the eighth of Dhu'l-Hijjah, which is the day when he enters the intention for Hajj.
The Sunnah is to slaughter the sacrifice on the day of Eid, which is the tenth of Dhu'l-Hijjah.
It was narrated from Salim ibn 'Abd-Allaah that Ibn 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both) said: "During his last Pilgrimage, the Messenger of Allah Saw (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) performed 'Umrah and then Hajj. He drove a Hadiy (sacrificial animal) along with him… then he went to Safa and Marwa and ran between them seven times and did not do any deed forbidden because of Ihram, until he finished his Hajj and sacrificed his Hadiy on the day of Nahr (the tenth day of Dhul-Hijjah). He then hastened onwards (to Makkah) and performed Tawaf of the Ka'bah, and then everything that was forbidden because of Ihram became permissible." (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1606, Muslim, 1227).
No one among the pilgrims has to offer a sacrifice in his own country, because the sacrifice is one of the rituals (of Hajj), so it can only be done in Makkah. Even if the pilgrim has to offer a sacrifice because he did something which is not allowed during Hajj, he should not offer this sacrifice in his own country, rather it should be done in Mina or Makkah.
'Abd al-'Azeem Aabadi said: it is permissible to slaughter all the sacrificial animals in the sacred land (the Haram of Makkah), according to scholarly consensus, but Mina is the best place for offering the sacrifice of Hajj, and Makkah - except for al-Marwah - is the best place for offering the sacrifice of 'Umrah.
But if the pilgrim has a family whom he leaves behind in his own country and leaves with them money so that they can buy a sacrificial animal on the day of Eid, this is good.
-ummahhelpline.com/qa/340.php

More News For this Category

Thoughts on English New Year's Day

Thoughts on English New Year's Day

Professor Dr. Anwarul Karim :IntroductionJanuary 1, the English New Year's Day once again dawns on earth's diurnal course. The day shines with a jovial mood of greeting the New

The Gregorian calendar

Brad Plumer :Back in 1582, Pope Gregory XIII decreed that the 10 days following October 4 simply wouldn't exist. The next day would be ... October 15. Thereafter, a

New Year's Day : History and celebration

New Year's Day : History and celebration

Mohammad Mamun Mia :New Year's Day is the first day of the New Year, following both the Gregorian and the Julian calendar. This Day is often marked by fireworks,

Liberation  War and our glorious Victory Prof. Dr. Anwarul Karim

Liberation War and our glorious Victory Prof. Dr. Anwarul Karim

Introduction :Bangladesh today celebrates the 48th Victory day with pomp and grandeur after the country was liberated from the hands of the Army Junta of Pakistan led by infamous

Victory Day of Bangladesh

Great Victory of Bangladesh was achieved after a nine   month long War of sacrifice of lives and property. The day is celebrated to commemorate the Victory of the allied

Independence, how this word became ours

Nirmalendu Goon  A poem will be written.The rebel-audience of millions have been waiting in the park-shore of the ocean of people, with eager excitement-since the morning:'When shall the poet

Our struggle and Victory

Our struggle and Victory

December 16, Victory Day is a red letter day in the history of Bangladesh. Our celebration commemorates the victory of the allied forces over the Pakistani forces in the

Suhrawardy and his Democratic vision

Suhrawardy and his Democratic vision

 The world today, (December 5, 2018), more particularly, the whole of Indian sub-continent, comprising the present India, Bangladesh and Pakistan mournfully observes the 55th death anniversary of Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy,

H.S. Suhrawardy : Leader of the people

Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy played a pivotal role in establishing democracy in the Indian Subcontinent. He was born into an eminent Muslim family in Midnapore in the then Bengal (now part

Messenger of mercy : Prophecy of Buddha

Abdul Muqit Chowdhury :Hazrat Muhammad (Sm) is the final Messenger of Allah Rabbul 'Alameen. He (Prophet) is Rahmatullil 'Alameen-blessing for all the creatures of the universe. Thus, Allah being