Wednesday, March 20, 2019 | ePaper

'Heading the ball' riskier by 5 times for female players in football

According to the study, the volume of damaged white matter in women soccer players was five times greater than for male players.

  • Print


Weekend Plus Desk :
Brain damage from heading a football may be five times more extensive in women than men, said a US study Tuesday based on nearly 100 amateur players.
The report in the journal Radiology suggested that sex-specific guidelines may be needed to guard against head injuries in football, or soccer as it is widely called in the United States.
"Researchers and clinicians have long noticed that women fare worse following head injury than men, but some have said that's only because women are more willing to report symptoms," said lead author Michael Lipton, professor of radiology, psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Albert Einstein College of Medicine.
"Based on our study, which measured objective changes in brain tissue rather than self-reported symptoms, women do seem more likely than men to suffer brain trauma from heading soccer balls."
For the study, 49 male and 49 female players were given a form of MRI called diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), which analyses the health of the brain's white matter by looking at water balance in the tissue.
Players' ages ranged from 18-50, and both groups reported a similar number of headings over the previous year. Men reported an average of 487 headings and women 469.
The scans showed that "the volume of damaged white matter in women soccer players was five times greater than for male players," according to the report.
The women had eight brain regions where white matter - which involves communication between different parts of the brain - were affected, compared to three in men.
Researchers said the brain changes were 'subclinical,' meaning the players did not report any altered thinking ability. But the changes remain a concern because they could be a precursor to further injury and brain damage, including cognitive decline and behavioral changes.
"Before serious dysfunction occurs, it's wise to identify risk factors for cumulative brain injury - such as heading if you're female - so that people can act to prevent further damage and maximize recovery," said Lipton.
The study gave no formal reasons for the differences, but some experts suggest that neck strength, sex hormones or genetics could be to blame. About 30 million women and girls play soccer worldwide, according to the International Federation of Association Football, known as FIFA.

More News For this Category

Bhutan in off-season

Bhutan in off-season

Akhil Sharma :here is only one traffic light in Bhutan. It is at the top of the main road in Thimphu, the country's capital. A policeman in a tight

From Aloo Parantha to Japanese Sticky Rice: Easy gluten-free recipes

From Aloo Parantha to Japanese Sticky Rice: Easy gluten-free recipes

Ingredients :Gluten-free chapati flour - 1 cup+1/3 cupWater to help you knead the doughSalt to tasteOnion - 1/2 super finely chopped.Green chillies - 2-3 finely (chopped)Green coriander - 10

Let others also live

Let others also live

Weekend Plus Desk :Onnojibon, a book based on articles, written by prominent Journalist Jamaluddin Jamal, was published recently by Nayaprobaho Prokashoni. In this book the author reflected the plights

Blood holds key to liver regeneration

Blood holds key to liver regeneration

Weekend Plus Desk :he liver is the only organ in the body that can regenerate. A recent study shows that the blood-clotting protein fibrinogen may hold the key as

Great leader

Great leader

    -Mohammad Mamun Mia Breaking the shackles of subjection We earned our emancipation The Bengali nation has not bowed down to the usurper Has no question to surrender Due

Sufi Literature Wakil Ahmed

ufi Literature, a distinctive stream of medieval Bangla literature, was inspired by Sufism. Sufi saints started coming to Bangladesh from Arabia and Iran in the mid-eleventh century. After Bakhtiyar

 Jules Verne: Life and writings

Jules Verne: Life and writings

Literature Desk :ules Verne (1828-1905) is frequently called the ‘father of science fiction.’ Among all writers, only Agatha Christie’s works have been translated more. Verne wrote numerous plays, essays,

Exposure to secondhand smoke can increase risk of kidney disease

Exposure to secondhand smoke can increase risk of kidney disease

Weekend Plus Desk :he perils of passive smoking need no retelling. However, according to a report quoted in The New York Times, being exposed to secondhand smoke can also

Ways to rebuild a relationship

Ways to rebuild a relationship

Weekend Plus Desk :ay be, we all know how a relationship crumbles when one partner breaks the trust of the other because trust is that solid rock upon which

Can you tell if your  child is lying?

Can you tell if your child is lying?

Weekend Plus Desk :hildren start lying as early as two years old and they’re really good at it, developmental researcher Kang Lee tells us in this Ted Talk. Having