Wednesday, December 12, 2018 | ePaper

Int`l pressure on Myanmar for safe return of Rohingyas

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International pressure on Myanmar is mounting afresh as it remained 'very slow' in creating conditions for the safe return of Rohingyas from Bangladesh.
Though Bangladesh still 'remains committed' to settle the matter bilaterally, it respond to the International Criminal Court (ICC)'s request regarding the Rohingya situation, particularly about the territorial jurisdiction of the ICC.
"Myanmar is under pressure. International pressure is mounting on Myanmar in many ways. And Bangladesh's decision to respond to the ICC's request is a welcome development," Ali Riaz, a distinguished professor of Department of Politics and Government at the Illinois State University, USA, told UNB.
Wishing to remain unnamed, a diplomat said the approach of depending only on bilateral mechanism to find Rohingya solution has not brought any visible outcome yet.
Bangladesh's decision to respond to the ICC request coincides with the signing of MoUs between UN agencies and the Myanmar government.
A diplomat in Dhaka said in 1993 when the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia was established, few believed that suspects like Ratko Mladic and Radovan Karadzic, the Bosnian Serb leaders, would ever have to account for themselves.
They ended up being tried in The Hague and this shows that it pays to prepare for the day when criminal proceedings are possible, the diplomat said referring to a recent article on it.
Analysing the current situation another diplomat said time is quite right for history to repeat itself.
Meanwhile, Bangladesh Ambassador to the Netherlands Sheikh Mohammed Belal, who came to Dhaka for consultations few days ago, handed over a copy of Bangladesh observations to the court based in The Hague, a Foreign Ministry official here told UNB.
On June 6, UNHCR, the UN refugee agency, and UNDP, the UN Development Programme, signed in Nay Pyi Taw a tripartite Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the government of Myanmar. This MoU is a first and necessary step to establish a framework for cooperation between the UN and the government aimed at creating conducive conditions for the voluntary, safe, dignified and sustainable repatriation of refugees from Bangladesh and for helping to create improved and resilient livelihoods for all communities living in Rakhine State, the UNDP says. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, at the G7 outreach session in Canada, proposed a four-point specific action to resolve the ongoing Rohingya crisis, including persuading Myanmar to implement the bilateral agreements with Bangladesh for safe and sustainable return of Rohingyas. She placed the four-point action seeking more support from the international community, especially from the G-7countries to find a solution to the problem. One of the actions Bangladesh prefers is working towards adoption of resolution at the UN Security Council imposing appropriate and adequate sanctions against the responsible entities and taking action to ensure accountability and justice for the mass atrocity crimes or human rights violations or human rights violations committed against Rohingya. The other steps are persuading Myanmar to implement the bilateral agreements with Bangladesh for the safe and sustainable return of the forcibly displaced Rohingyas and pursuing with Myanmar to implement the recommendations of Rakhine Advisory Commission immediately and unconditionally.

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