Saturday, September 22, 2018 | ePaper

BREAKING NEWS:

Iran at a Glance

  • Print
Geography :
Location: Middle East, bordering the Oman Sea, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan.
Area: 1,648,195 sq km
Country comparison to the world: 18
Border countries: Afghanistan 936 km, Armenia 35 km, Azerbaijan 432 km, Nakhchivan exclave under Azerbaijan 179 km, Iraq 1,458 km, Pakistan 909 km, Turkey 499 km, Turkmenistan 992 km
Climate: arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast
People:
Ethnic groups: Persian, Kurd, Arab, Turkmen, Baloch, Azeri
Official Language: Persian
Religions: Muslim 99%, other (Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian and etc) 1%
Population: 78,149,669 (2014)
Male: 39,405,669
Female: 38,744,000
Birth Rate: 1.7%
Life expectancy:
Men: 72.1 (years)
Women: 74.6 (years)
Education expenditures:
4.7% of GDP (2013)
Literacy: 90.2 (10-49 years old)
Capital: Tehran
Administrative divisions: 31 provinces
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Economy:
Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur
GDP (purchasing power parity): $990.8 billion (2013)
GDP (official exchange rate): $429.7 billion (2013)
GDP per capita (PPP): $12,667 (2013)
GDP composition by sector:
Agriculture: 10.3%
Industry: 40.2%
Services: 49.5%
Budget (2015): $ 297 billion.
Agricultural products: wheat, rice, other grains, sugar beets, sugarcane, fruits, nuts, cotton, dairy products, wool, caviar.
Industries: petroleum, petrochemicals, fertilizers, caustic soda, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), ferrous and non-ferrous metal fabrication, armaments.
Exports: $98.5 billion (2013)
Exports commodities: petroleum, chemical and petrochemical products, fruits and nuts, carpets.
Export partners: China, United Arab Emirates,Iraq, Japan, Turkey, India, South Korea, Italy, Russia.
Imports: $53.41 billion (2013)
Import commodities: industrial supplies, capital goods, foodstuffs and other consumer goods, technical services.
Import partners: UAE, China, South Korea, Germany, Turkey (2013)
Fiscal year:
21 March - 20 March
Energy:
Electricity: 65,000 Megawatt (Installed Capacity)
Share of renewable Energy: 7800 Megawatt (12% in 2012)
Electricity Coverage: 95% of total households
Electricity exports: 6000 Megawatt
Crude oil production: 2/7 million b/day
Natural gas production: 146.1 billion cu m
Natural gas reserves: 33.07 trillion cubic meters (First in the world)
Telephones lines:
Land lines: 27.767 million
Mobile: 56.043 million
Transportation:
Airports: 324
Railways: 10000 km
Roadways: 172,927 km

More News For this Category

The speech of Imam Husain at Mina

Mahdi Mahmud :The Holy Quran has ordained "…Amr bil Ma'ruf wa Nahi anil Munkar"…- the responsibility of enjoining right and forbidding wrong to create a society based on truth

The movement of Imam Husain (Ra)

Md. Asifur Rahman :Ashura - the 10th Muharram is the day of martyrdom of Imam Husain (Ra). In the year of 61st A.H. he and his family members and

Songs on Muharram and Ashura

Kazi Nazrul Islam :1. Muharram moon comes back ( Muharramer chand elo oiy kandate fer duniay)Behold !The blood stained Muharram Moon reappearsMaking the life of Muslims in wringing wails

Nature and aims of Imam Husain's resistance

Nature and aims of Imam Husain's resistance

Nur Hosain Majidi :The uprising of Hazrat Imam Hosain (Ra) grandchild of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu 'alaihi wa aalih - Allah extends greetings to him and his progenies) is viewed

Kazi Nazrul Islam : Classic and romantic

Dr. Forqan Uddin Ahmed :Kazi Nazrul Islam is the National Poet of Bangladesh. He has brought about the revolutionary changes in the spirit and style of Bengali literature and

Song

 There the trumpet blows [Bajichhe damama bandh re amama]           Kazi Nazrul IslamThere the trumpet blows O Muslim ! tie turban please !The call is come from the newer ageO'er the

Nazrul and the suffering humanity

Nazrul and the suffering humanity

Professor Anwarul Karim, PhD :I remember, I heard about Nazrul for the first time from my father as far back as 1945-46 when I was a school student in

Qurbani for non-Pilgrims

What is  Qurbani? Qurbani refers to the sacrificial animals that non-pilgrim Muslims may offer, seeking Allah's pleasure during the days of 'Eid ul-Adha. Udhiyah is, in fact, offered in

Eid-ul-Azha : Kazi Nazrul Islam's poems

Mohammad Jashim Uddin :Eid-ul-Azha known also as Eid of  Qurbani or Udhiyah is on of the  two holiest celebrations in the Muslim world. Eid-ul-Fitr (Eid of Fitr) is the

Hajj : Ifrad, Tamattu and Qiran

Hajj : Ifrad, Tamattu and Qiran

Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid :Hajj is of three types: Ifrad, Tamattu' and Qiran. Ifrad is when one does Hajj on its own (without 'Umrah). Tamattu' means doing 'Umrah, then