Wednesday, December 13, 2017 | ePaper

Scientists demand end to crop-based biofuels

  • Print
Samuel White :
A group of 177 Dutch scientists have signed a letter urging the Netherlands to back a complete phase-out of crop-based biofuels at European level, calling them a "false solution to climate problems".
The scientists pointed to a study commissioned by the EU executive, which found that crop-based biodiesel has on average 1.8 times the climate impact of fossil diesel, "and this number increases to three times more in case of biodiesel from palm oil".
Biodiesel accounts for 80% of all biofuels used in the European Union, and around a third of this comes from palm oil, making drivers of cars and trucks the biggest consumers of palm oil in the bloc. The remaining 20% is bioethanol, which is mainly made from home-grown crops such as sugar beet and wheat.
The biofuels industry has hit out at the European Commission's proposal to reduce the cap on crop-based biofuels in the EU's transport fuel mix, saying it would undermine the EU executive's renewable energy policy and slash investment in advanced biofuels.
Broader consequences
Beyond the impact of EU biofuels policy on climate change, the scientists also criticised it for driving habitat and biodiversity loss, reducing areas' resilience to local climatic conditions, undermining food security and increasing prices, and concentrating land in the hands of multinational companies at the expense of small-scale farmers.
"In short, a mixture of fuel crop oil relies on the unfounded assumption that this leads to more sustainable fuel use, but in reality causes ecological and social degradation," the scientists wrote. "The policy serves as a veil that obscures the risks involved in fossil fuels while offering no more than a false solution for our energy requirements."
The 177 signatories called on the Dutch government to acknowledge the damage caused by EU biofuels policy and to write a commitment to abandon them into the bloc's 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda.
The EU encouraged the blending of fossil and biofuels in the 2009 Renewable Energy Directive, in a bid to cut greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector, and the current limit of crop-based biofuels in the transport energy mix stands at 7%. But studies of the impacts of land-use change associated with biofuels, and particularly biodiesel, have found in many cases that they are worse overall for the climate than fossil fuels.
MEPs raise ambition on transport with 'sustainable' biofuels
Contrary to the European Commission's initial proposal, the European Parliament voted on Tuesday (28 November) to increase targets for sustainable energy and reintroduce a sub-target for transport, by using "sustainable" biofuels.
Under its proposal for a recast of the directive for 2021-2030, the EU executive put forward a reduced cap on biofuels in the transport sector of 3.8%. The proposal is currently working its way through the European Parliament before three-way negotiations are held among the European Commission, Parliament and Council.
For the Dutch scientists, this position is not strong enough. In their letter, they demanded that Amsterdam "plead that biofuels from food crops have no place in the European 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development".
EU governments will discuss the future of biofuels at the Energy Council meeting on 18 December.
-EURACTIV.com

More News For this Category

Poor must have easy access to food

IT is a stunning disclosure at a seminar that about one-third of Bangladesh nationals are still deprived of adequate meals. It is sad indeed when the government claims a

Attack on New York City is disgusting

AN attempted terrorist attack in a New York City bus terminal by a US national of Bangladesh origin has caused widespread surprise and condemnation here and also in the

Room for hope at One Planet Summit

Maeve McLynn :The One Planet Summit, organised together with UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres and World Bank President Jim Yong King sets out to demonstrate clearly to the world that

A responsibility to prevent genocide

Tharanga Yakupitiyage :Almost 70 years since the Genocide Convention was adopted, the international community still faces a continued and growing risk of genocide.On the International Day of Commemoration and Dignity

Global initiative to relieve pressure on mountains

Becky Heeley :International Mountain Day and the Mountain Partnership's 15th anniversary coincided on December 11, kicking off a three-day Mountain Partnership Global Meeting at the headquarters of the Food and

Readers’ Forum

City's air pollutionAir pollution levels in Dhaka are already high. With uncontrolled emissions from motor vehicles, constant road repairs, and poorly managed construction works, we often find ourselves choking on

Readers` Forum

Tackle drug problemNowadays, too many young people from high school to university are taking drugs of different types such as marijuana, phensedyl, etc. I saw with my own eyes children

Banking sector's dilemma in all fronts

OUR banking sector is perhaps going through the toughest phase of its testing times. On one hand, the Prime Minister's Office has given consent to the establishment of two

Colleges without enrolment should cease to exist

OVER 1,500 colleges are in fear of closure as they have failed to fulfil the condition of the Education Ministry in terms of students' admission at Higher Secondary level,

US President has mastered the art of provocation

Ishaan Tharoor :There is a small constituency in the United States that genuinely cares about the location of the American Embassy in Israel. Evangelicals and a right-wing, pro-Israel lobby were