Monday, August 20, 2018 | ePaper

Off-setting effects of climate change

  • Print
Muntasir Murshed :
Climate change simply refers to the amendment of traditional inclinations in weather conditions, both locally and globally, that have taken place following human activities in particular. Climate change can result in the form of either fluctuations in average weather conditions or through time variation in weather, or both. For instance, winter in Bangladesh seems to have been delayed with time as it almost takes early January to experience winter in the country, which was not the case before. Moreover, the severity of winter seems to have gone down as well, judging from the fact that we no longer have to cover ourselves in heavy winter attires to combat the temperature drops during winter in Bangladesh. This has rather been a global scenario whereby climate change is also referred to as 'Global Warming.' It is scientifically proven that human interventions have been the root cause of global changes in climate through emission of greenhouse gases, particularly carbon dioxide (CO2). Thus, tackling carbon emissions has been enlisted as one of the prime agendas worldwide and it has also been recognized in the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda of the United Nations.
However, mitigating greenhouse gaseous emission can only aid to reduce the aggravation of climate changes but, simultaneously, policies and steps should also be undertaken to cope with both short and long term atrocities of climate change as well. It is of utmost relevance for Bangladesh because the country, due to its geographic location, is extremely vulnerable to such severities of global climate changes. The current government is ready to leave no stones unturned in combating with the ongoing climate changes and is also looking forward to achieving the SDGs ensuring environmental and climate sustainability, mainly through carbon emission reductions. It is believed that infrastructure development is central to minimizing and coping with the climate change phenomenon. Thus, a holistic approach has to be adopted to develop the existing infrastructure required in mitigating and adapting to these changes.
One of the many ways of deferring further climate changes could be through a transition in use of energy resources in the country. In line with the global best practices, Bangladesh should ideally and gradually increase the share of renewable environment-friendly energy use in its total energy use consumption. For instance, following the acute natural gas shortage and high import bill burdens arising from oil imports, Bangladesh can look towards use of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) and Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) for electricity generation purposes which would not only enhance its electricity supply but would also reduce carbon emission to an extent. Basically, the country should aim in developing energy-efficient cities and in the process curb the carbon emission attributing to climate changes. In addition, the government can also incentivize its citizens to plant more trees and also motivate setting up of green office buildings.  
Moreover, as a part of its SDG commitments, Bangladesh has to make its cities and metropolitans more adaptable to climate change and instantaneously be more resilient natural calamities linked to climate changes by 2020. However, achieving these sub goals is a strenuous task for the government which calls for possible private sector collaboration as well. As part of the strategy to face the climate change challenges, climate change measures need to be incorporated into the national policies aimed at natural disaster management. In addition, actions plans have to be designed to integrate low-carbon, climate-resilient, disaster risk reduction strategies as well.
An indirect approach to tackle climate change would via awareness building, knowledge enhancing and improving institutional capacity. One of the possible ways to do so could be through possible inclusion of manuals for climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning techniques into the national curriculum, at primary, secondary and tertiary levels. Simultaneously, the government can also look forward to increasing its revenue allocations necessary for decreasing the causes and effects of climate change especially focusing on women, youth and marginalized communities across the country.
Furthermore, steps have to be taken to significantly reduce the number of casualties affected via climate change in the country by putting more attention to air and water qualities and also on municipal and other waste management. A possible means in doing so could be reducing the percentage of urban residents residing in slums. This I because compared to the other urban dwellers, the residents in the slums are more susceptible to climate change actions whereby the concept of sustainable cities are put to the sword.
The global concerns regarding the persistently aggravating nature of climate changes has recently raised eyebrows all over the globe. It is high time to take effective measures not only to control the factors attributing to climate changes but also design appropriate policies linked to climate change adaptation. In order for Bangladesh to match its remarkable performance in achieving the Millennium Development Goals ahead of many of its neighbors, it should also attempt to tackle climate change adversities in order to leapfrog into the list of countries that have managed to attain the SDGs in due time.

(Muntasir Murshed, Programme Associate, Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD))

More News For this Category

Eid Mubarak

THE rituals of the annual congregation of Muslims in the holiest city Mecca to perform the religious obligatory have begun with devotion, piety, and cheer that ended into Eid-ul-Azha.

Control the political clouts who swallow ultra-poor's rice

THE Local Administration seized 500 Kgs of rice meant for distribution among the ultra-poor under the vulnerable group feeding (VGF) programme from the house of Lalon, brother of local

Readers’ Forum

Lessons of Qurbani :Every year financially solvent Muslims all over the world slaughter sacrificial cattle in the Arabic month of Zilhajj on Day 10, 11 and 12. But everything

How the EU can emerge out of America's shadow

Zaki Laïdi :Europe has to ensure that international trade regime survives without US, and enhance its credibilityUS President Donald Trump and European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker may have averted

Eid-ul-Azha : Teaching and its significance

Eid-ul-Azha : Teaching and its significance

Dr. Foqan Uddin Ahmed :In this universe there are 18000 species of God's creation. Among them, men are the best, dearest and nearest to God. Men have their unique

Growing violence in hills: No serious investigation into the killings

Seven people, including three leaders of United People's Democratic Front (UPDF), were killed and six others injured in two gun attacks in Khagrachhari town on Saturday. With these, 33

People's concern over misuse of the Digital Security Act is logical

FREETHINKERS and journalists are in anxiety over the proposed Digital Security Act as the articles of the Act would throttle the freedom of expression. As per news media, journalists

Readers’ Forum

Bring back old movies :There were about 1,500 cinema halls in the country in the mid eighties. The number has come down below 300 on account of various reasons

Canada must change course to mend ties with Saudi Arabia

Arnab Neil Sengupta :In a nutshell, the sooner Trudeau sees the light, the easier it will be for Saudi Arabia and Canada to put their relations back on an

Your health is your business

Sunita Narain :The minimum we expect from the government is to differentiate between right and wrong. But when it comes to regulating our food, it's like asking for too