Sunday, June 25, 2017 | ePaper

Sanitation access can improve health outcomes in children

  • Print


Life Desk :
Poor sanitation can increase the risk of disease transmission and affect the growth and overall health in children. Globally, about 1 billion people live without access to any type of sanitation facility such as a toilet.
Sanitation access is associated with the risk of transmitting parasitic worms. But the impacts don't stop there. For children, living in a community with poor levels of sanitation access increases their odds of stunted growth, anemia and diarrhea, even if their household has access to a sanitation facility, according to a report published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.
'Sanitation access can decrease the odds of stunting, anemia and diarrhea in children. '
Without sanitation facilities, human feces aren't contained, and diseases are often spread when feces contaminate water, dirt, or food. Diarrheal diseases spread this way kill millions of children a year, and can cause malnutrition, developmental delays, and stunted growth in those who survive them. Infections with certain worms are also known to be associated with anemia.
In the new work, David Larsen, of Syracuse University, and colleagues collated data from 301 health surveys-covering more than a million children-conducted between 1990 and 2015. Community-level sanitation access was quantified as the proportion of households in the sampled area that had access to a toilet or latrine. The outcomes of child growth stunting among children aged 12-59 months, anemia among children under 5 years of age, and diarrhea in the previous two weeks were analyzed.
For households with sanitation access, living in a community with 100 percent sanitation access lowered odds of stunting, anemia, and diarrhea. For households with out sanitation access, increasing community-level access to sanitation decreased the odds of stunting and anemia. The greatest gains in child health were made when communities achieved universal sanitation access.
"These results suggest that the greatest gains in health from sanitation are made when communities achieve universal access to sanitation," the researchers say. "The number of children living in communities where any households lack sanitation access is alarmingly high throughout the world, and efforts must be made to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal of eliminating open defecation by 2030."
Source: Eurekalert

More News For this Category

Predict autism among high-risk infants

Predict autism among high-risk infants

Life Desk :Autism is a neurodevelopmental spectrum disorder that begins early in childhood.Scientists have found a neuroimaging technique called Functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging (fcMRI) that could predict the

New, safer antiplatelet drug from snake venom

New, safer antiplatelet drug from snake venom

Life Desk :Scientists have found a new and safer antiplatelet drug based on snake venom. The newly designed molecule could help to prevent side effects like excessive bleeding, which

Bye, dark underarms

Bye, dark underarms

Life Desk :Do you steer clear of sleeveless clothes to hide your dark underarms? You don't need to worry any more as there are many home remedies to lighten

Is rice nice again?

Is rice nice again?

Life Desk  :For years, Indian film production designer Siddharth Sirohi struggled with stomach issues. Doctors were of little help. Then, last year, he began to do his own research,

Dentin hypersensitivity

Dentin hypersensitivity

Life Desk :Dentin hypersensitivity is an oral condition characterized by sharp pain in the affected tooth or teeth. It occurs when the dentin gets exposed to the stimuli. It

Intensified action needed to reduce leprosy

Intensified action needed to reduce leprosy

Nur-E-Alam Siddique  :Leprosy, the world's oldest disease, has been synonymous with stigma and discrimination due to the hideous  deformities it produced. The most important step in eradication of any

Birth defects due to exposure of household chemicals

Birth defects due to exposure of household chemicals

Life Desk  :Qaternary ammonium compounds or "quats," are chemicals which are often used as disinfectants and preservatives in household and personal products such as cleaners, laundry detergent, fabric softener,

Online therapy can help military personnel treat insomnia

Online therapy can help military personnel treat insomnia

Life Desk :Chronic insomnia can be treated with Cognitive behavioral therapy, by paying a regular, weekly visits to the clinician, reveals a new study by the American College of

Adieu Ramzan 2017

Adieu Ramzan 2017

Life Desk :Every year millions of Muslim across the globe fast from dawn to dusk during Ramzan, the ninth month in the Muslim calendar. It is considered as the

Organic onions better than conventional onions: Study

Life Desk :Flavonoid levels and antioxidant activity in organic onions are higher than in conventionally grown onions, reveal researchers in a new study.Five years ago, a highly publicized meta-analysis