Sunday, April 22, 2018 | ePaper

Rebel Poet Kazi Nazrul Islam

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On March, 1908 Nazrul's father passed away and the next year Nazrul accomplished his lower primary education from a Moktob, a lower Islamic primary school. After his father's passing away, the plight of his family turned into more aggravated and to main

Dr Md Shairul Mashreque :
Kazi Nazrul Islam contributed conspicuously in Bengali literature especially in the domain of poetry. He is best acclaimed as Rebel Poet with revolutionary moorings. He used to be boisterous in his expression of revolution against the exploitative society. He hit out at the exploiting tycoons and other elites who squeezed the blood of the poor like a lemon. The poor were compelled to drain the cup of miseries to the dregs.
Nazrul himself suffered a lot in the midst of crushing poverty struggling hard to survive. But he did not bow down continuing his protest against the deluge of exploitation, pauperization and inhumanity. Born into a very poor family, Kazi Nazrul Islam passed his early life through utter hardship. He was born on 25 May, 1899 (11 Jaishtha, 1306 Bengali year) at the village of Churulia in Asansul Sub-division under the district of Bardwan, in West Bengal of India. His father was Kazi Fakir Ahmad and mother Zaheda Khatun. It's known that his forefathers came from Patna, capital of Bihar, a province of India and settled in Churulia. The title ‘Kazi’ means ‘judge of the Muslims’ and the Kazis used to rule several parts of Muslim dwelled areas in India. When Kazi Nazul Islam was born the title ‘Kazi’ was retained but the remnant material properties were lost.
On March, 1908 Nazrul’s father passed away and the next year Nazrul accomplished his lower primary education from a Moktob, a lower Islamic primary school. After his father’s passing away, the plight of his family turned into more aggravated and to maintain his family Nazrul couldn’t continue his study and got involved in serving as a teacher in the same Moktab wherein he used to read and Muazzin in the village mosque.  Because of his very insurgent movement he was bestowed with a title Bidrohi Kobi (The Rebel Poet). He composed a good number of poems, songs, essays, short stories, novels in his life. Most of his compositions are subjected to establish and retain due rights of proletariats, and reform the society. Through his compositions, he encouraged destitute people to take active part in sweeping out misrules of then autocratic authority and that’s why some of his books, essays were banned by the then British authority. Right then he was also sentenced to one year imprisonment.
Kazi Nazrul Islam was prolific with his huge collection of literary works. It is really amazing how he could write a lot amidst poverty. He himself proclaimed poverty made him great-being the potent source of his seditous mindset.  Among huge stock of his invaluable works we can mention a few:
Agni Bina (The Fiery Lute), 1922, Sanchita (Collected poems), 1925, Phanimanasa (The Cactus), 1927, Chakrabak (The Flamingo), 1929, Satbhai Champa (The Seven Brothers of Champa), juvenile poems, 1933, Nirjhar (Fountain), 1939, Natun Chand (The New Moon), 1939, Morubhaskar (The Sun in the Desert), 1951, Sanchayan (Collected Poems), 1955, Nazrul Islam: Islami Kobita (A Collection of Islamic Poems; Islamic Foundation, Dhaka 1982), Poems and songs : Further information: Nazrul Geeti, Dolan Chapa (name of a faintly fragrant monsoon flower), 1923, Bisher Bashi (The Poison Flute), 1924, Bhangar Gan, (The Song of Destruction), 1924 proscribe in 1924, Chhayanat (The Raga of Chhayanat), 1925, Chittanama (On Chittaranjan), 1925, Samyabadi (The Proclaimer of Equality), 1926, Puber Hawa (The Eastern Wind), 1926, Sarbahara (The Proletariat), 1926.
Sindhu Hindol (The Undulation of the Sea), 1927, Jinjir (Chain), 1928. Pralaya Shikha (Doomsday Flame), 1930 proscribed in 1930, Shesh Saogat (The Last Offerings), 1958.
Short stories, Rikter Bedan (The Sorrows of Destitute), 1925, Shiulimala (Garland of Shiuli), 1931, Byathar Dan (Offering of Pain), 1922
Novels : Bandhan Hara (Free from Bonds), 1927, Mrityukshuda (Hunger for Death), 1930 Kuhelika (Mystery), 1932,
Plays and drama, Jhilimili (Window Shutters), plays, 1930 Aleya (Mirage), song drama, 1931, Putuler Biye (Doll's Marriage), children’s play, 1933 Madhumala (Garland of neysuckle) a musical play, 1960 Jhar (Storm), juvenile poems and play, 1960 Pile Patka, Putuler Biye (Doll’s Marriage), juvenile poems and play, 1964 Shilpi (Artist).
Essays: Joog Bani (The Message of the Age), 1926, Jhinge Phul (The Cucurbitaccus Flower), 1926, Durdiner Jatri (The Traveller through Rough Times), 1926, Rudra Mangal (The Violent Good), 1927, Dhumketu (The Comet), 1961.

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