Sunday, June 25, 2017 | ePaper

Health benefits of eggplant

  • Print


Life Desk :
Eggplant (Solanum melongena), also known as brinjal or aubergine, belongs to genus Solanumand to species nightshade. It got its name because of its resemblance to the white eggs from hens or geese. Its colors vary from white, and dark purple to green. It is also called guinea squash, melongene. Some interesting facts about brinjals are:
They are called mala insana or "crazy or mad apple".
Aubergines are not vegetables but berries.
Eggplants contain some nicotine
It is believed that brinjal has no positive attributes.
Eggplant Nutrition Facts
Eggplant is a good source of fiber and it contains copper, vitamin (B1, B3, B6, and K), manganese, potassium, iron, magnesium and folate. It contains polyphenols, anthocyanins and chlorogenic acid.
Eggplant skin contains nasunin, an anthocyanin, which is a powerful antioxidant that scavenges free radicals. It protects cell membranes from damage and protects the lipids or fats in the brain cell membranes. It helps to flush out the toxins and draw the nutrients in. Anthocyanins are known to inhibit neuro-inflammation and aids in blood flow to the brain and nerve cells. It improves memory and reduces risk of Alzheimer's disease, dementia and other cognitive disorders. Eggplants are often cooked by removing the skin, for example, when cooked on the flame or baingan bharta. Eggplant should be consumed along with its skin, whether it is roasted, fried or taken in curry form.
Prevents Heart Diseases
Chlorogenic acid present in eggplant decreases low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels or bad cholesterol. It has been proved that increased intake of anthocyanins lowers blood pressure and reduces the risk of heart disease. Additionally, the potassium, vitamin C, vitamin B6 make eggplant a heart-friendly food.
Fights Cancer
Eggplants are rich in phenolic compounds that are powerful antioxidants. One of them is chlorogenic acid, which is an effective free radical scavenger. Chlorogenic acid has anti-microbial, anti-cancer, and anti-viral properties. The anthocyanins and the chlorogenic acid in eggplants help to prevent tumor growth, the spread of cancer cells and promote cancer cell death. Eggplants are anti-inflammatory, and they protect cells from damage by free radicals.
Aids in Weight Loss
Eggplant is a low-calorie vegetable which is also a good source of dietary fiber. Dietary fibers in aubergine provide satiety and reduce appetite. Eggplants act as bulking agents in the digestive system. Overall, it helps balance ratio of calorie intake to calorie burn. High satiety makes one consume less calories, thereby aiding in weight loss.
Strengthens Bones
Eggplant contains some amount of calcium, iron, and magnesium. Phenolic compounds in eggplant are associated with stronger bones, increased bone mineral density and reduced chances of osteoporosis.
Regulates Blood Sugar Level
Eggplant has anti-hyperglicemic effect. Anthocyanins in eggplant function as an antioxidant as well as á-glukosidase inhibitor which inhibit the rise of blood glucose levels in diabetics Aubergines can lower blood glucose level. Diabetics can safely consume eggplant in moderation. The fiber content in eggplant also helps to keep the blood sugar levels under control.
Prevents Birth Defects
Folic acid is recommended to pregnant mothers as it protects the fetus from the neural birth defects. Eggplant contains folate, which makes it a good dietary option for pregnant women. One cup of eggplant provides about 3% daily value (DV) of folate. Folate is also known as vitamin B-9 and is naturally found in foods. Folic acid is the synthetic form of folate, available in form of supplements and processed, or fortified foods.
Prevent Neural Tube Defects
Caveat: Nightshade species of vegetables contain neurotoxic alkaloids that can trigger a migraine. These include eggplant, potatoes, tomatoes, sweet peppers, hot peppers, paprika, and cayenne pepper. Whenever you suffer from migraine, find out whether eggplant was consumed within 24 hours of the headache.
-medindia

More News For this Category

Predict autism among high-risk infants

Predict autism among high-risk infants

Life Desk :Autism is a neurodevelopmental spectrum disorder that begins early in childhood.Scientists have found a neuroimaging technique called Functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging (fcMRI) that could predict the

New, safer antiplatelet drug from snake venom

New, safer antiplatelet drug from snake venom

Life Desk :Scientists have found a new and safer antiplatelet drug based on snake venom. The newly designed molecule could help to prevent side effects like excessive bleeding, which

Bye, dark underarms

Bye, dark underarms

Life Desk :Do you steer clear of sleeveless clothes to hide your dark underarms? You don't need to worry any more as there are many home remedies to lighten

Is rice nice again?

Is rice nice again?

Life Desk  :For years, Indian film production designer Siddharth Sirohi struggled with stomach issues. Doctors were of little help. Then, last year, he began to do his own research,

Dentin hypersensitivity

Dentin hypersensitivity

Life Desk :Dentin hypersensitivity is an oral condition characterized by sharp pain in the affected tooth or teeth. It occurs when the dentin gets exposed to the stimuli. It

Intensified action needed to reduce leprosy

Intensified action needed to reduce leprosy

Nur-E-Alam Siddique  :Leprosy, the world's oldest disease, has been synonymous with stigma and discrimination due to the hideous  deformities it produced. The most important step in eradication of any

Birth defects due to exposure of household chemicals

Birth defects due to exposure of household chemicals

Life Desk  :Qaternary ammonium compounds or "quats," are chemicals which are often used as disinfectants and preservatives in household and personal products such as cleaners, laundry detergent, fabric softener,

Online therapy can help military personnel treat insomnia

Online therapy can help military personnel treat insomnia

Life Desk :Chronic insomnia can be treated with Cognitive behavioral therapy, by paying a regular, weekly visits to the clinician, reveals a new study by the American College of

Adieu Ramzan 2017

Adieu Ramzan 2017

Life Desk :Every year millions of Muslim across the globe fast from dawn to dusk during Ramzan, the ninth month in the Muslim calendar. It is considered as the

Organic onions better than conventional onions: Study

Life Desk :Flavonoid levels and antioxidant activity in organic onions are higher than in conventionally grown onions, reveal researchers in a new study.Five years ago, a highly publicized meta-analysis