Thursday, June 29, 2017 | ePaper

Iran at a Glance

  • Print

Geography:
Location: Middle East, bordering the Oman Sea, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan.
Area: 1,648,195 sq km
Country comparison to the world: 18
Border countries: Afghanistan 936 km, Armenia 35 km, Azerbaijan 432 km, Nakhchivan exclave under Azerbaijan 179 km, Iraq 1,458 km, Pakistan 909 km, Turkey 499 km, Turkmenistan 992 km
Climate: arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast
People:
Ethnic groups: Persian, Kurd, Arab, Turkmen, Baloch, Azeri
Official Language: Persian
Religions: Muslim 99%, other (Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian and etc) 1%
Population: 78,149,669 (2014)
Male: 39,405,669
Female: 38,744,000
Birth Rate: 1.7%
Life expectancy:
Men: 72.1 (years)
Women: 74.6 (years)
Education expenditures:
4.7% of GDP (2013)
Literacy: 90.2 (10-49 years old)
Capital: Tehran
Administrative divisions: 31 provinces
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Economy:
Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur
GDP (purchasing power parity): $990.8 billion (2013)
GDP (official exchange rate): $429.7 billion (2013)
GDP per capita (PPP): $12,667 (2013)
GDP composition by sector:
Agriculture: 10.3%
Industry: 40.2%
Services: 49.5%
Budget (2015): $ 297 billion.
Agricultural products: wheat, rice, other grains, sugar beets, sugarcane, fruits, nuts, cotton, dairy products, wool, caviar.
Industries: petroleum, petrochemicals, fertilizers, caustic soda, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), ferrous and non-ferrous metal fabrication, armaments.
Exports: $98.5 billion (2013)
Exports commodities: petroleum, chemical and petrochemical products, fruits and nuts, carpets.
Export partners: China, United Arab Emirates,Iraq, Japan, Turkey, India, South Korea, Italy, Russia.
Imports: $53.41 billion (2013)
Import commodities: industrial supplies, capital goods, foodstuffs and other consumer goods, technical services.
Import partners: UAE, China, South Korea, Germany, Turkey (2013)
Fiscal year:
21 March - 20 March
Energy:
Electricity: 65,000 Megawatt (Installed Capacity)
Share of renewable Energy: 7800 Megawatt (12% in 2012)
Electricity Coverage: 95% of total households
Electricity exports: 6000 Megawatt
Crude oil production: 2/7 million b/day
Natural gas production: 146.1 billion cu m
Natural gas reserves: 33.07 trillion cubic meters (First in the world)
Telephones lines:
Land lines: 27.767 million
Mobile: 56.043 million
Transportation:
Airports: 324
Railways: 10000 km
Roadways: 172,927 km

More News For this Category

Islam stands for universal peace

Abdul Muqit Chowdhury :1. The purpose of creation of this universe, particularly human beings, is the behind all worships. So our a worships, need to be discussed in the

Eid : Ensure joy for all

M. Mizanur Rahman :Our National Poet Kazi Nazrul Islam thus sings the song on Eid-ul-Fitr: "Oh! Great soul, pleasant Eid has come after the end of Ramadan-fasting! Now be

Eid-ul-Fitr : Unique festival

Nasir Muzahid :In Bangladesh, an occasion, to celebrate with much enthusiasm, is a rare opportunity. Want, poverty, natural disaster and political chaos always create obstacles on the way to

The spirit of Ramzan and Eid-ul-Fitr

The spirit of Ramzan and Eid-ul-Fitr

Muhammad Quamrul Islam :Now that we are around 76 years of age fellow septuagenarians want me to write on the subject as we have seen and observed holy month

Beyond the month of Ramzan

Md. Masum Billah :Ramzan appears every year with  the message of self constraint, self-analysis, 'self-control, spiritual communion and also with the news of Eid-ul-Fitr which means a day of

Taqwa to create an ideal society

Taqwa to create an ideal society

Khwaja Mohammad Zubair :1.The Muslims received the blessed month of Ramadan with repentance, sincerity, resoluteness and earnestness. They have been observing fasting performing extra acts of devotion and worship

Glorious Quran

K.M. Mahmood ur Rahman :It is a well known fact that so many eminent scholars, both in the East and the West have been carrying out their research to

Lailatul Qadr

Mufti Taqi Usmani :One of the most meritorious aspects of the month of Ramadan is that it contains Laylatul Qadr, the most blessed night of the year. It is

Bangladesh has not been freed for people not to be free

It is forgotten by those in power that their own legitimacy as the government depends on acknowledging by the Supreme Court because the guardian and protector of the Constitution

Universal Declaration of Human Rights : Concept and history

Dr Syed Anwar Husain :That human beings are to have rights has a philosophical as well as logical basis, which comes out clearly in the following words of J.